Indian Food History and Culture

The food heritage of India reflects the country’s 5000-year Indian food history of cultural mixing. This has resulted in Indian food culture, which covers vast vegetarian and non-vegetarian Indian dishes and traditional food of Indian states.

The Mughals, the British, and the Portuguese contributed to the mix of Cultural and Geographical Influences to the traditional food of Indian states. While regional and state specialties may differ in specifics, they often share common ground regarding basic spices and flavor profiles.

Essential Spices and Ingredients

Looking back at the spice trade’s past reveals that modern consumers are spoiled for choice when it comes to spices. If you want to add depth and complexity to your following handmade famous Indian dishes, search for spices like black cardamom, carom seeds, and ginger powder.

Staple Foods and Popular Cooking Oils

India relies on most staple foods, such as wheat and rice. Also, Indians utilize various oils in their cooking, from sunflower oil to classic mustard oil to old-school sesame oil to coconut oil and groundnut oil, depending on the location, the climate, and the history of the local cuisine. Mustard oil, Sesame oil, Groundnut Oil, and Sunflower Oil are commonly used.

What is State-Wise Indian Food?

The traditional food of Indian states differs a lot. Here are some of the Popular Dishes and Style Of Food found in each state of India:

  • Gujarat: Popular dishes from Gujarati cuisine include dhokla, fafda, khakhra, khandvi, and muthiya.
  • Maharashtra: Misal, pohe, Pav Bhaji and Aamti are just a few of the most well-liked meals.
  • Rajasthan: Famous throughout India, Dal Baati Churma is made of crispy batis doused in ghee, spicy daal, and sweet churma.
  • Punjab: People are raving about Punjabi Sarson Ka Saag Aur Makki Ki Roti, hailed as the tastiest food in India.
  • Madhya Pradesh: Flattened rice and curry leaves are used to make Madhya Pradesh’s most beloved dish, poha.
  • Jammu and Kashmir: Jammu and Kashmir’s Rogan Josh is extremely well-liked and relished all around the world.
  • Andhra Pradesh: Andhra Pradesh is known for its delicious cuisine, particularly its idly dosa, sambar, curd rice, and curry dishes.
  • Uttar Pradesh: Tunda kebabs and kakori kebabs are Lucknow’s most well-known cuisine.
  • Arunachal Pradesh: Apong, also known as a rice beer, is a popular alcoholic drink in Arunachal Pradesh that is produced by fermenting rice or millet.
  • Assam: The staple of Assamese cuisine is khar, which can be prepared with raw papaya, vegetables, or any combination thereof.
  • Bihar: The most well-known dish from Bihar is called Litti Chokha, and it consists of little balls of wheat stuffed with gram flour that is roasted over flames and then dipped in ghee.
  • Chhattisgarh: Cheela, a flat chapati-like meal made with rice batter and typically served with tomato and green chutney, is a famous cuisine from the state.
  • Goa: Marinated fish is the basis for Goa’s most famous dish, fish curry.
  • Haryana: One of the state’s signature foods is Bajre Ki Khichdi.
  • Himachal Pradesh: The most well-liked type of Himachali curry is Madra, a gravy made from yogurt. The dish made from chickpeas and yogurt in a curry with lots of spices is called Channa Madra.
  • Jharkhand: Jharkhandis eat rice with dal and veggies, and their spices are moderate. Jharkhand is known for its production of the edible mushrooms rugda and puto.
  • Karnataka: Vegetarians and meat eaters can enjoy Karnataka’s array of flavorful curries and seafood delicacies.
  • Kerala: Because of its mastery of spices, Kerala has earned the nickname “Land of Spices.” Common spices and herbs include chilies, curry leaves, mustard seeds, tamarind, and asafoetida.
  • Manipur: Often served with rice, Singju Chamthong (also known as Kangshoi) is a vegetable stew flavored with cloves, garlic, onion, salt, and dried fish.
  • Meghalaya: Mongoloid people traditionally settled in Meghalaya; their cuisine stands apart from that of the other seven sister states. Rice with various curries, including vegetables, meat, and fish, is typical.
  • Mizoram: The Mizo diet mostly consists of rice, and although they frequently include meat and fish in their dishes, they also eat a good amount of vegetables. The Mizo people eat various foods, including fish, poultry, hog, and beef.
  • Nagaland: Dried pork is a staple in the Naga diet.
  • Odisha: They use almost minimal oil, and the oil they use is highly nutritious mustard oil.
  • Sikkim: Momos, a dumpling stuffed with vegetables in the case of veg momos and fish, chicken, or mutton in the case of non-veg momos, is the most well-known cuisine in Sikkim.
  • Tamil Nadu: The most well-liked dish is idli sambhar, made by steaming a mixture of soaked rice and white lentils that has been crushed into a paste and served with sambhar, a sour south Indian Stew that is loaded with veggies.
  • Telangana: Chicken Biryani is the most well-known, and for a good reason: it’s a delicious blend of aromatic herbs and spices.
  • Tripura: Most Tripuris don’t eat vegetables. Thus you’ll find a wide selection of meats in their cuisine. Rice, fish, poultry, mutton, and pork are the staples.
  • Uttarakhand: The staple food is Kafuli or Kappa, cooked with spinach and fenugreek leaf.
  • West Bengal: Doi maach is a traditional Bengali meal and one of the simplest fish curries you’ll ever make. Doi is yogurt in Thai, and Maach is fish; the two go along perfectly with rice.

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  • Which is the most popular Indian food in the world?

India never fails to impress with its food. But samosa, curry, and dal makhani are some of the most popular dishes worldwide.

  • What is the Indian national dish?

There is no national dish of India. It was decided to name Khichdi as the national dish of India. But, it was denied by the government.